Why Your Business Needs a Crisis Communication Strategy – NOW

It could be something a well-known as a slap at the Oscars. It could also be something seeming small that could blow up into a PR crisis. You never know when and how some bad publicity may occur – so you need to prepare.

One of my friends/clients called me today, and has a potentially BIG problem.  Perfect example of why every business needs a crisis communication strategy.

I don’t want to call attention to the exact business and blog, and maybe cause the situation to blow up or call attention to the person they have hacking/blackhatting their business (believe me, that’s what the person wants), so I will talk in general terms.

Any business can be a target – some are an easier target and some are more “attractive”, but every business needs to consider the possibilities and consequences.

Imagine massage therapy, where the professional may at times be alone with someone of the opposite sex, and possibly be touching areas of their body.  Or a doctor or lawyer where you may be alone with someone of the opposite sex (perhaps not touching them in this case), but maybe perceived as having deeper pockets which could be a factor in lawsuits (or bribery or etc).

I’ve even had clients that had former customers threaten to leave a bad review because the customer missed or didn’t pay their bill and had a late fee added, which offended the customer.  They wanted the late fee removed (which my client would have happily done), but instead of just asking, they threatened negative reviews instead.

Online reviews are almost becoming a bargaining or bribery chip for people to get what they want – as you will see in this current example.

Public Reviews Describing a Potentially Criminal Act

Basically, what happened with this client is that someone posted a 1-star review on their business social media profile, and said something to the effect that the owner and some other staff had sexually assaulted a young lady some time in the past (over 10 years ago).

This could get ugly

Some people could read this review and assume that the person is stating the truth (although it’s less common that it would be blindly believed now than even just a few years ago).  It could cause permanent negative repercussions for the business and the owner, and even further to staff, family, and more.  You’ve seen some of what can happen – we all have.

One question that comes to mind … did the person get the idea from the #MeToo movement?  I’m personally a fan of the intention behind this movement, yet even so can see how it could easily be used for bad.  We have all seen how people have lost their jobs, their companies, and more, after being accused of sexual assault.  Sometimes the proof against them is stronger than other times, yet even with little shared proof the public response can be devastating to the accused.

In this case, I would be shocked if the owner had done anything like this (although it seems there are always shocked friends and family in cases we have heard about in the media). If I thought he had, I would have dropped him as a client. But after knowing him for almost 10 years, I don’t think so – and I used to work in the field (although that alone doesn’t mean I’m right).

And the owner is concerned, rightfully so. What if someone on his staff DID do something illegal, on his watch, and he just never knew? He would want to take appropriate action. (He doesn’t believe this is the case, part of the insinuation was directly about him and he was out of town and the office closed the week noted.)

Fake Bad PR Red Flags

Here are a few of the red flags that made us all think this is someone trying to trash the company with a smear campaign.

First, it was over a decade ago, and no police reports were made any time between (not even at the point that the review was posted), and no reports of any kind were made to the company/owner.  No complaints of any kind.  Of course, that alone may not be enough for others to assume nothing happened.

A second huge red flag is the fact that the person who posted the review/rating used a fake profile. The profile said it was a female, and the review said the assault was against her as a female.  It was a brand new profile (made the same day), had absolutely no other posts or reviews, and had only one friend. If someone has a real problem with a company, they are more likely to use a real profile.

Through a bit of further digging (the fake profile had added a REAL friend), narrowed the person posting as being a male, whom no records can be found of him or someone with the same last name having ever been a client or customer, and even further digging found that he is currently an inmate in jail. Not to say that being in jail now would mean that something had not occurred 10 years ago. The fake profile’s only friend also had no past customer records.

Despite all of this, imagine if people start reading this review, assume it must be real, and all of the types of problems that can arise. The ugly messages and threats that could go out to the owner, staff, family.  Negative media attention. Threats.  Even the fake profile person trying to file a lawsuit (remember, anyone can sue you, for just about anything, even if there’s no basis to win – business has to fight the suit or lose by default).

This could be you.

And if it is, you need to have a plan in place – if you’re a smaller company maybe you don’t have something written, but you need to have at least thought through what you can and should do.

Here’s how we handled this situation

This client did not yet have a crisis communication strategy … but they did have me in their corner. So they immediately called me and we developed a quick plan to deal with this specific situation.

First, several of us reported the fake review/profile.

A business cannot remove reviews (unless they are posted on their own website), but sometimes with Yelp, Google, and Facebook, you can report a review and ask for it to be reviewed by the company.

I’ve had to do this for quite a few clients over the years.  In most cases, it was easy to see that the review was likely fake, and they were removed.  The social platforms make it where a business can’t remove a review so that the integrity of the review system remains intact; however, they also don’t want fake reviews because that kills the integrity just as quickly. So they will investigate it.

The often look at things such as how new the reported profile is, what they said, and how many other reviews they have done. If they have no other reviews, or participate in personal attacks against an individual, or have a brand new profile, it’s more likely the review will be considered questionable by the social platform.  The platforms can also track the IP address of the reviewer, and match that to real, existing profiles.

We removed the review feed.

The second thing we did – temporarily while the social platform was looking at the reports – was pull the review feed off the website.  This false claim was the most recent review, so would most likely be seen first, and in looking to prevent some of the potential craziness that could occur, we chose this as damage control.

We did NOT engage the reviewer.

Usually I tell everyone to respond to negative online reviews.  Not in this case. This would only have called more attention to the review, and we did not want to do anything before the social platform had the chance to do their work.  It may end up that no response would even be needed if the review is found to be fake.

Plus, in this case the original poster was insinuating a potentially criminal act. If something did happen with this legally, any response would have been used in court, and without a lawyer reviewing the response there is no way we were going to post one.

We set up monitoring for more.

From there, we are doing several months of reputation monitoring for this client.  It’s one of our simpl services.  Whether or not this fake review is allowed to stay online or is removed, the person behind it is likely to move on to other social platforms and attempt to leave inflammatory and accusatory reviews on those.  So we know it needs to be monitored for several months at least.  One easy way to start this effort is by setting up Google Alerts with your company name.

We planned direct responses and wider communications.

We also began planning possible responses to the review (and any later ones this same person may post on this platform or others) in the event that their review isn’t removed from the platform.  In this case, responses could have not only ethical (the case with all review responses) but also potential legal considerations, since the reviewer was accusing individuals of illegal activities.

In addition to those responses, we began considering proactive strategies, in case they were needed.  If the review wouldn’t be removed, should we go ahead and talk about it very openly and up front with customers?  Should we send that via email, post on social media or the website?  Start the discussion from our side and be available to answer questions?  Or should we wait for customers, vendors, media and more to start asking questions (and possibly reporting only the pieces that work most for them)?

One thing we are NOT doing – we’re not blocking the fake profile from the page.  Blocking someone who is causing problems on your Facebook business page can be an easy strategy, but that only means you won’t see the comments, posts, reviews by the fake profile – other people may still be able to.  There is a point in time which it’s okay to do so, but don’t do it immediately as a knee-jerk response.

What you need to consider in a similar situation.

A crisis communication strategy should cover these items, but in case you don’t yet have one, there are a few points you will want to keep in mind in case you ever are faced with this type of situation:

Who is authorized to speak to the media?

This can have brand or sometimes legal repercussions.  Most often, you will want the highest ranking person to be the only person authorized to speak to the media.  You also want to make sure in case of these types of situations, all staff know that they are NOT allowed to make statements to any media or anyone else, and that all inquiries should be routed to the chosen individual.

Make sure everyone knows the policy.  It should be in the employee handbook, discussed during orientation, and more.

Don’t be afraid.

First, the old adage is that “even bad PR is good”.  Yes, you may get 15 minutes of infamy, but in most cases the news cycle moves quickly and within a week or two most people’s attention will have moved onto other distractions.

This quick shift may not always be the case if your bad PR was about a criminal activity, or even an accident where people were harmed, etc.  But for the most part, it will blow over, and in most cases before it does too much damage to your company. So try to stay calm; it will definitely help you present a more professional response.

Have the strategy NOW – before you need it.

Depending upon what happens, things can explode quickly, and you need to have thought through your plan before you’re in the thick of trying not to drown in a problem after it arises.

This will also help you not have a knee-jerk response and potentially generate further negative PR. Fear causes reactions..

Consider all written responses carefully. 

In fact, in some cases you may even need to have a lawyer look over what you say, before you say it.  A general “I wasn’t happy with my product” review, responded to by “We’re sorry, what can we do?” may not need this review.  In the case of my example, where someone is accusing of illegal activities, this may be more important.

Don’t be scared to respond, if needed.

Not all of your customers will agree, but I’m a big believer that everything won’t always be perfect – it’s how a company responds to issues or complaints that is the bigger indicator of what type of company they are.

Don’t lie. 

Lies, especially in this context, or when they can blow up and get a lot of negative attention, have a way of coming back and biting you in the ass.  If you don’t know, say you don’t know.  If you’re going to check, say you’re going to check.  If you do know and it’s bad, talk with your attorney and trusted members of your senior team about how to address it.  If you do know and there’s some reason you can’t say (gag orders?), say that too (again, anything related to legalities, talk to your attorney first).  But don’t say “I don’t know” when you do, and when someone may find out in the future that you do and did – it will kill your reputation.  Forever.

When in doubt, call in the experts. 

Have someone help monitor your reputation … and it doesn’t have to be an expensive “reputation management” company – which exist.  At a minimum have someone help you set up strategies to have in place to keep an eye on the reviews and mentions happening about your business.

Or if you don’t have the type of internal team to help you work through all of these things, or do not yet have a crisis communication strategy for your business, use our hourly Fractional CMO services to have individual, confidential discussions about how you may want to respond to the situation.

Have a question about monitoring the online reputation of your business?  Schedule a free strategy consultation with one of our experts.

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